Shortages of workers with relevant qualifications have become a major challenge affecting European competitiveness. In the context of rapid technological change, Europe’s declining population and ageing workforce mean that labour shortages are expected to increase in the future. The present study analyses the following:
(i) the role of labour migration in efforts to overcome labour shortages;
(ii) the variety of instruments used to identify and monitory labour shortages at EU and national level (such as employer surveys, forecasts and qualitative studies);
(iii) the extent to which these instruments are used in designing labour migration policy at national level.
EMN Study was part of the 2015-2016 EMN Work Programme and it was prepared on the basis of National Contributions from 25 EMN NCPs (Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom) according to a Common Template developed by the EMN and followed by EMN NCPs to ensure, to the extent possible, comparability.