EMN Study “Impact of Visa Liberalisation on EU”, March 2019

Visa liberalisation is one of the EU’s most powerful tools in facilitating people-to-people contacts and strengthening ties between the nationals of third countries and the EU. It fosters mobility, improves regional cooperation between individual countries and creates more open societies. But what has been the impact of visa liberalisation on EU Member States and Norway, as countries of destination? Are there specific benefits for the countries of destination? What are the main challenges? What measures have EU Member States and Norway set up to counter the potential for the misuse of visa liberalisation? By exploring migration trends and other issues with the visa-free countries in the period 2007 – 2017 this EMN Study provides a new perspective based on information collected from 25 Member States (also Slovenia) and Norway. At a glance, the main research findings are introduced below.

Slovenian National Contact Point together with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of the Interior, Police and the Ministry for Labour contributed to the EMN study. National report was made with cooperation of selected external provider the Legal-informational Centre for NGOs.

Key findings:
1.) Visa liberalisation led to an immediate increase in short-term travel to the EU Member States and Norway from visa-free countries, an increase in control activities to avoid the misuse of visa liberalisation and an immediate reduction in the workload of consulate staff.
2.) Following visa liberalisation, there has been an increase in the number of resident permits issued to nationals of the eight visa-free countries, mostly for remunerated activities. Some Member States also reported higher levels of cooperation during return and readmission procedures.
3.) Several Member States reported an overall increase in the number of asylum applications from visa-free countries following visa liberalisation. Most of these applications received a negative decision.
4.) Measures to cope with this increase included designation of visa-free countries as safe countries of origin, information campaigns in visa-free countries and closer cooperation with their national authorities.
5.) The number of visa-free nationals overstaying their maximum period allowed increased after visa liberalisation in Member States. Available data was limited to establish a clear link between visa liberalisation and the facilitation of irregular migration.
6.) Most Member States did not report specific challenges related to illegal employment after visa liberalisation was introduced.

For more on EMN study please click on below documents:

EMN Inform – Impact of Visa Liberalisation on EU

EMN Synthesis Report – Impact of Visa Liberalisation on EU

National Report:
SI EMN study Visa Liberalisation SI